Carlsbad is the largest and the second oldest bath resort in the Czech Republic. It was founded in 1350 by Charles IV., Czech King and Roman Emperor, but the place was known for its hot springs since Celtic settlement.The rise and development of Carlsbad were always closely connected with beneficial effects of its hot springs. In 1370, Charles IV promoted the village to town.After decline during the Thirty-Year War, a new bloom of bath industry occurred, especially after 1707 when Emperor Joseph I declared Carlsbad free royal town. From this time Carlsbad flourished despite the Napoleonic Wars. The present appearance of Carlsbad has been created mainly by construction work at the end of 19th century, which was strongly influenced by Historicism and the coming Secession Style. Series of important objects were built, such as the Town Theatre, The Mill Colonnade, several lookout towers, Bath I, the savings bank, the post office and many imposing hotels and bathhouses. Carlsbad is a social centre with long tradition. One of the most important cultural events is the International Film Festival held since 1946, which belongs among the oldest film festivals in the world. Carlsbad is also famous for its world-known crystal glass production in 'Moser' glass-works in Dvory (since 1857), its China production and production of 'the thirteenth spring' - Carlsbad Becher Liqueur since 1805. Karlovy Vary can be proud of its extremely rich cultural tradition that we see with every step. It's based on centuries of visits to the local hot springs. Each visitor, not only the famous ones, was and is a benefit for Karlovy Vary and a good reference. That is the reason why Karlovy Vary always honoured it's guests and tried to make their spa visit as pleasant as possible.